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实例讲解托福写作中怎么举列子

2019-01-09

编辑:津桥国际学院

摘要:要想托福写作写的好就一定少不了在文章中添加举例说明。这也是考生在托福考试中常用的手法。今天津桥国际小编就将通过实例来讲怎么在托福写作中举例子。...

本文关键词: 托福写作,托福考试,津桥国际

  要想托福写作写的好就一定少不了在文章中添加举例说明。这也是考生在托福考试中常用的手法。今天津桥国际小编就将通过实例来讲怎么在托福写作中举例子。

  例子可以使我们想要表达的观点或者要阐述的概念更加生动形象,以使得观点更加地具有说服力。而且针对托福写作来讲,ETS考官比较青睐例证比较好的文章。一般来讲,在托福的独立写作当中,我们常用的例子包括两种,一种例子是去描述特别具体的某个人或者某一件事情,这种例子一般比较适合与我们的生活,工作和学习紧密相关的话题。比如“Do you agree or disagreewith the following statement ? Keeping old friends is more important thanmaking new friends.”;第二种例子就是假设一个一般化的例子,通过假设一个场景来说明问题,而这种例子的写法一般比较适合话题比较大的一些话题,比如“Do you agree or disagreewith the following statement? Landneeds to be used to meet human need rather than to protect endangered animals.”。今天我们就来展示怎样把这两种例子写好。

  一、具体的例子

  Topic: Do youagree or disagree with the following statement? The students in universityshould not do any part-time jobs.

  Position: Disagree

  Reason:Doing part-time jobs can intensify our social ability.

  Exemplification:Take myselffor example. When I was a fresh man,I found it really hard to get along with people around me . Then Iwas advised to take a job as a waiter in the restaurant during which I had chancesto communicate with different customers, making them satisfied with my “smile” service. After a year, I myself can realize that I have becomemore outgoing and understanding.

  写一个很具体例子的时候同学们要注意几个问题:

  1、不要写得特别长,写太多就变成了记叙文,而我们的独立写作是议论文体;

  2、这种例子一定要和说理分析性的内容结合在一起才能够支撑起来一个主体段。

  二、假设性的例子

  假设性的例子有两点好处。其一就是别人不会怀疑我们写的这个例子的真实性,二就是假设性的例子其实是analytic example,这种伴随着分析的例子其实要更符合托福独立写作的风格,更能够体现一个学生的分析能力与水平,毕竟议论文的特点就是分析和证明。

  Topic:Do you agree or disagree with the followingstatement? Land needs to be used to meet human need rather than to protectendangered animals.

  Position:Protect endangered animals

  Reason:Anotherimportant reason to protect endangered animals is that the delicate ecologicalbalance of an area might be irreparably harmed by their extinction.

  Exemplification:For example,if humans chop down forests and use the land to grow corn, they mightsimultaneously destroy the habitats of a kind of bird that eats locusts. Thenext year because the locust population can grow unchecked, locusts mightdestroy the entire nearby corn crop. Not only do the birds lose their homes,but humans are also harmed. The ecological balance of many natural habitats isstill not well understood and humans interfere in it at their peril.

  通过这一段,大家可以看到假设性的例子的威力。整段文章不长,例子也不多,但是却非常有效地证明了段首的观点即保护生态平衡的重要性。所以,文章不一定要写很多,但是一定要写好,永远不要忘了,独立写作的灵魂和核心就是去证明一个观点的合理性和说服力,所以你用的手段很重要。

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