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怎样辨析SAT词汇

2018-11-19

编辑:津桥国际学院

摘要:大家都知道要想去美国大学入读的话,SAT考试肯定是必不可少的一项。很多学校都有这个考试要求的,有考试就有淘汰,不是人人都能在SAT考试中得到一个理想成绩。而SAT词汇一直是大家头疼的问题有时候单词之间只差一两个字母,意思却往往大有不同。下面津桥国际小编为考生带来怎样辨析SAT词汇,让你学到技巧,减少分数的丢失,希望对你有所帮助。...

本文关键词: SAT考试,SAT词汇,津桥国际

  大家都知道要想去美国大学入读的话,SAT考试肯定是必不可少的一项。很多学校都有这个考试要求的,有考试就有淘汰,不是人人都能在SAT考试中得到一个理想成绩。而SAT词汇一直是大家头疼的问题有时候单词之间只差一两个字母,意思却往往大有不同。下面津桥国际小编为考生带来怎样辨析SAT词汇,让你学到技巧,减少分数的丢失,希望对你有所帮助。

  1.exhausted vs. exhaustive

  exhausted: very tired 精疲力尽的 E.g. After a ten-mile hike, everybody is exhausted.

  exhaustive: very thorough; complete 详尽的;彻底的 E.g. Police make an exhaustive research.

  2. imprudent vs. impudent

  imprudent: not wise or discreet不智的;不谨慎的;轻率的 E.g. It would be imprudent (of you) to resign from your present jobbefore you are offered another.

  impudent: very rude and disrespectful 粗鲁的;放肆的;无礼的;不尊重的E.g. Tom is an impudent child who never listens to his parents.

  在记这组词之前,最好先记住prudent这个单词,它本身就是“谨慎的,审慎的”意思,在其加上im-这个表否定含义的前缀,意思就很容易得出了。

  3. antipathy vs. apathy

  antipathy: strong or deep dislike 反感;厌恶;憎恶 E.g. He showed a marked antipathy to foreigners.

  apathy: lack of interest; indifference 缺乏兴趣;漠不关心 E.g. My parents do not feel apathy about the election.

  这一组词大家可以用词根词缀发来区别,path-作为词根是“情感”的意思,anti-作为前缀是“相反,对抗”,而a-是“不、无、非”的意思,相关单词有sympathy, empathy等。

  4. presumptive vs. presumptuous

  presumptive: based on reasonable belief; probable基于合理之推测的;可能的

  E.g. It is absurd that he was sentenced to death based on presumptiveevidence.

  presumptuous: too bold or self-confident 胆大妄为的,专横的

  E.g. Would it be presumptuous of me to ask you to contribute?

  5. ingenious vs. ingenuous

  ingenious: (of a person) clever at finding new or simple solutions for complex problems; original in design(指人)善于用新的或简单的方法解决复杂问题的;设计独特精巧的

  E.g. So you fitted that wire through that little hole there: that's very in genious!

  ingenuous: open, innocent 坦率的,不隐瞒的,天真的 E.g. That kid gives me an ingenuous smile.

  这一组词,可以利用另外两个单词帮助记忆:genius和genuine。前者意思为“天才”后者意思为“真的,真诚的,非人造的”。ingenious从发音和词形上与genius相近,而ingenuous 和genuine 相近。

  6. derive—derivative vs.deride—derisive

  derive: originate from sth; get sth from sth 源自,源于;得到获取 E.g. Thousands of English words derive from Latin.

  deride: mock sb/sth 嘲笑,嘲弄 E.g. They derided his effort as childish.

  derisive这个单词出现在阅读中经常被当做是derive的形容词性理解,其实是deride的形容词,意思为“嘲笑的,嘲弄的”,例如derisive laughter。

  7. intelligent vs. intelligible

  intelligent: smart, educated 聪明的,智能的,智力的

  intelligible: that can be (easily) understood 可(易)理解的 E.g. That’s totally a muddled explanation which was scarcely intelligible.

  8. impassive vs. impassioned

  impassive: showing no sign of feeling 无表情的,无动于衷的 E.g. The accused sat impassively as the judge sentenced him to ten years in prison.

  impassioned: showing strong deep feeling 充满激情的;热烈的 E.g. He made an impassioned plea for mercy.

  这一组词里面含有pass-表“情感”含义的词根,im-表“不无、非”,所以impassive就是“无表情的,无动于衷的”意思。而后者中含有的“passion”其本身就是“激情,热情”的意思。

  9. indigent vs. indigenous

  indigent : poor 贫穷

  indigenous: native 土生土长的,当地的 E.g. Kangaroos are indigenous to Australia.

  以上相关信息由津桥国际小编为你提供,希望阅读完以上文章后,你能有所收获,对学习有一定的帮助。

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