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雅思培训课堂:英语中的倒装句

2018-02-09

编辑:津桥国际学院

摘要:津桥国际学院雅思培训老师今天将为大家介绍,雅思考试中各位可能遇到的倒装句式。倒装共分两类:全部倒装和部分倒装。全部倒装是指将全部谓语动词都放在主语之前。部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词、系动词或情态动词放在主语之前。津桥国际学院雅思培训老师如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do、does、did, 并将其放在主语之前。...

本文关键词: 雅思培训,雅思考试,津桥国际学院

  津桥国际学院雅思培训老师今天将为大家介绍,雅思考试中各位可能遇到的倒装句式。倒装共分两类:全部倒装和部分倒装。全部倒装是指将全部谓语动词都放在主语之前。部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词、系动词或情态动词放在主语之前。津桥国际学院雅思培训老师如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do、does、did, 并将其放在主语之前。

  一, 全部倒装

  1,there be 句型(特殊的全部倒装句型)

  There are some books on the desk.

  津桥国际学院雅思培训老师介绍,除了最常见的there be 句型以外,there还可以接appear, exist, lie, remain, seem to be, stand, used to be 等,一般都译为“有”的含义,构成完全倒装句。

  There appeared to be a man I black in the distance.

  There comes a bus.

  There stood a dog before him.

  There exist different opinions on this question.

  Exercise:

  1, 过去这里没有学校。

  2, 似乎没有人愿意帮忙。

  3, 在这种地方只有很少的动物。

  4, 市中心有个很高的建筑。

  5, 任然有一些问题值得讨论。

  2,there/here/now/then地点和时间副词放在句首时,句子进行全部倒装。后面的动词是be, come, exist, fall, follow, go, lie, remain, seem, stand等,而主语又是名词不是代词时,构成完全倒装句。

  Up climbed the boy when his mother came.

  Now is the time to take action.

  Down come all of you.

  Now comes your turn.

  In came a girl, wearing a white skirt.

  Away went the runners.

  津桥国际学院雅思培训老师提醒:当主语是代词时,句子不用倒装。

点击查看》》2018雅思考试时间全年安排表

  Here he comes.

  Here I am.

  3,表示地点、时间、方向等的介词短语放在句首时,句子进行全部倒装。

  In front the village runs a brook.

  Under the tree stands a tall man.

  On the desk lie several books.

  On the wall hang two pictures.

  In the box was a cat.

  By the window sat a young man with a magazine in his hand.

  Among these people was his friend Jim.

  4,非谓语(分词和不定式)置于句首时, 全部倒装

  Buried in the sand was an ancient village.

  Standing beside the table was his wife.

  To be carefully considered are the following questions.

  Lying on the floor was a boy.

  Running through the town is a stream.

  Seated in the front were the guests.

  二, 部分倒装:只将情态动词、助动词或系动词放在主语前

  1, 当句首是no, seldom, hardly,barely,little,scarcely, at no time, by no means, in no case等表否定的词

  Seldom do I go out alone in the evening.

  Seldom In all my life have I met such a brave man.

  Never once have the old couple quarreled with each other since they were married 40 years ago.

  Never shall I forgive him.

  Hardly does he have time to listen to music.

  Little does he realize how important this meeting is.

  No way will I go on working for that man.

  Under no circumstances should you lend him any money.

  On no condition should we tell her about it.

  2, only+副词、介词词组、状语从句位于句首,句子进行部分倒装。

  Only through education can we rise in the world.

  Only yesterday did he find out that his watch was missing.

  Only because there were some cancelled bookings did he get some tickets in the end.

  Exercise:

  1,只有用这种方法,你才可以解决这个问题。

  2,直到昨天,他才给我打电话。

  3,只有当你尽力你才能学会开车。

  3, not only…but (also)引起的倒装

  Not only does the sun give us light but also it gives us heat.

  Not only did he speak English correctly, but also he speaks it fluently.

  Not only is this young man clever but also he is hardworking.

  4,hardly…when/no sooner…than引起的倒装

  hardly/scarcely/barely…when或no sooner…than位于句首所引起的倒装句为部分倒装形式,如:

  No sooner had he arrived than he was asked to leave again.

  Hardly had he arrived when he was asked to leave again.

  No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.

  Hardly has we finished our dinner when the electricity was cut off.

  5,so/neither/nor位于句首时,句子进行部分倒装。

  津桥国际学院雅思培训老师指出,so / neither / nor表示前面所说的情况也适合于后者时,其句型是:so / neither / nor+特殊词+主语。使句此句型需注意以下几点:①内容是肯定时,用so,内容是否定时,用neither或nor;②“特殊词”与前句中的情态动词、助动词或be相同,或根据前句的时态,用do, does, did;③“特殊词”的人称和数与其后的主语一致;④“特殊词”本身没有否定形式。如:

  You are young and so am I. 你年轻,我也年轻。

  She likes music and so do I. 她喜欢音乐,我也喜欢。

  If he can do it, so can I. 要是他能做此事,我也能。

  You aren’t young and neither am I. 你不年轻,我也不年轻。

  She hasn’t read it and nor have I. 她没有读它,我也没有读。

  6, as或though引导的让步状语从句,as必须用倒装,though可倒可不倒

  as作“虽然”解,引导让步状语从句时,必须将表语、状语或动词原形提到as前面。此时应注意几点:一是若提前的表语是没有形容词修饰的单数可数名词,要省略不定冠词;二是若提前的是动词原形(多为不及物动词),与之连用的通常是may, might, will, would等,且这些词都要保留在原来的位置上(主语后);三是though有时也可像as这样使作倒装。如:

  Tired as I was, I tried to help them.

  Try as he would, he couldn’t open the door.

  Search as they would, they would find nobody in the house.

  Hard as (though) they tried, they couldn’t make her change her mind.

  Boy as he was, he behaved like a girl.

  Exercise:

  尽管他很小,他懂得很多。

  尽管他是一个小偷,但他也不会说谎。

  尽管你开车很快,你也赶不上第一名。

  7, so…that,such…that引导的结果状语从句可用倒装。

  So severe is this problem that we have no alternative but to take some feasible measures to deal with it.

  So cold was the weather that we had to stay at home.

  So fast does light travel that we can hardly imagine its speed.

  So fast do you speak that I can hardly follow you.

  So carelessly did he drive that he almost killed himself.

  So small was the mark that I could hardly see it.

  So quickly did the workmen finish their work that they were given a bonus.

  So much does he worry about his financial position that he can’t sleep at night.

  Exercise:

  1,这个包如此重以至于我拿不动。

  2,他的设计是如此好以至于我很钦佩他。

  3,这个地方如此美丽以至于Mary想永远住在这里。

  8, 在含有were/had/should虚拟条件句中,省去if, 把这三个词放在句首时。

  Were she here now(=if he were here now), she would take good care of her parents.

  Had you attended the graduate ceremony(=if you had attended the graduate ceremony), I should have seen you.

  Were it to rain, the crops would be saved.

  津桥国际学院雅思培训老师与大家分享倒装句句型转变及翻译练习

  1, You will see so many seats only at a stadium in Beijing.

  2, He only then became aware of the dangers of the jungle.

  3, You will be able to write a good report only after you have acquired the information you need.

  4, I have seldom seen a situation which made me so angry.

  5, He gave a lot of presents to his friends, but he has never given one to me.

  6, We little realized the dangers that were awaiting us.

  7, She is not only good at languages, but also at history and geography.

  8, They not only took care of me, but also treated me as if I were their own daughter.

  9, His price was so unreasonable that everybody was surprised.

  10. I was so scared that I could not even scream.

  11, We have so much work to do that we have no time to relax.

  12, He didn’t go to bed until 12 o’clock last night.

  13, He won’t go to bed until she returns home.

  14, I had no sooner entered home than the bell rang.

  15, I had hardly entered home when the bell rang.

  16, If you were to buy a new car, which of these would you choose?

  17, If my parents should need me, I will never let them down.

  18, If I had told him the truth, he would have been angry.

  19, Though she is pretty, she is not clever.

  20, Though his idea might sound strange, it was accepted by the people at the meeting.

  翻译下列句子。要求:先用正常语序翻译,然后再改写成倒装句。

  1, 学习做饭不仅使孩子们更加独立,给他们一项基本的生活技能,而且还可以让他们远离垃圾食品。(not only…but also; independent; junk food)

  原句:

  倒装:

  2, 广告不仅让我们了解最新的产品而且还很有娱乐性。(not only…but also; keep sb. Informed of/about sth; product; entertaining)

  原句:

  倒装:

  3, 直到最后一刻他才告诉我真相。(not…until)

  原句:

  倒装:

  4, 直到失去健康你才会意识到它的重要性。(not…until)

  原句:

  倒装:

  5, 只有用这种方法才能挽救她的生命。(only…)

  原句:

  倒装:

  6, 只有当他们回来时,我才直到发生了什么事。(only)

  原句:

  倒装:

  7, 尽管钱很重要,但它买不来幸福。(though)

  原句:

  倒装:

  8, 我们有如此多的作业要做以至于我们没有时间放松。

  原句:

  倒装:

  9, Emma是如此的迷人以至于所有人的目光都集中在她的身上。

  原句:

  倒装:

  10,汤姆刚到家电话就响了。

  原句:

  倒装:

  津桥国际学院雅思培训老师给您答案

  1, only at a stadium in Beijing will you see so many seats.

  2, Only then did he become aware of the dangers of the jungle.

  3, Only after you have acquired the information you need will you be able to write a

  4, Seldom have I seen a situation which made me so angry.

  5, He gave a lot of presents to his friends, but never has he given one to me.

  6, Little did we realize the dangers that were awaiting us.

  7, Not only is she good at languages, but also at history and geography.

  8, Not only did they take care of me, but also they treated me as if I were…daughter.

  9, So unreasonable was his price that everybody was surprised.

  10, So scared was I that I could not even scream.

  11, So much work do we have to do that we have no time to relax.

  12, Not until 12 o’clock did he go to bed last night.

  13, Not until she returns home will he go to bed.

  14, No sooner had I entered home than the bell rang.

  15, Hardly had I entered home when the bell rang.

  16, Were you to buy a new car, which of these would you choose?

  17, Should my parents need me, I will never let them down.

  18, Had I told him the truth, he would have been angry.

  19, Pretty as she is, she is not clever.

  20, Strange as his idea might sound, it was accepted by the people at the meeting.

  翻译答案:

  1, Learning cooking not only makes children more independent and gives them a basic life skill, but also keeps them away from junk food.

  Not only does learning cooking make children more independent, …

  2, Advertisements not only keep us informed of the latest products, but they also are entertaining.

  Not only do advertisements keep us informed of the latest products,…

  3, He didn’t tell me the truth until the last moment.

  Not until the last moment did he tell me the truth.

  4, You won’t realize the importance of health until you lose it.

  Nor until you lose it will you realize the importance of health.

  5, we could save her life only in this way.

  Only in this way could we save her life.

  6, I knew what had happened only when they returned home.

  Only when they returned home did I know what had happened.

  7, Though money is very important, I cannot buy happiness.

  Important as/though money is, it cannot buy happiness.

  8, we have so much homework to do that we don’t have time to relax.

  So much homework do we have to do that we don’t have time to relax.

  9, Emma is so attractive that everyone focused their eyes on her.

  So attractive is Emma that everyone focuses their eyes on her.

  10, Tom had hardly got home when the bell rang.

  Hardly had Tom got home when the bell rang.

  Tom had no sooner got home than the bell rang.

  No sooner had Tom got home than the bell rang.

 

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