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英语四大基本句型讲解

2017-12-08

编辑:津桥国际学院

摘要:摘要:说起英文的句子,很多同学自然而然想起自己曾经学过的那些:“无趣且索然无味”的语法课程,什么是句子成分,什么是连接词,什么是指代词,什么可以省...

本文关键词: 雅思英语口语,雅思班多少钱,SAT模拟考试,sat模拟考试

  

  摘要:

  说起英文的句子,很多同学自然而然想起自己曾经学过的那些:“无趣且索然无味”的语法课程,什么是句子成分,什么是连接词,什么是指代词,什么可以省略等等,绝对让你的英语噩梦重演。其实,说英文只要掌握几个句式就可以轻松对话,写作,阅读和听懂对方的语言。下面就带大家将四个句式进行由低到高由易到难的讲解。

  四个基本句式分别是

  ① 简单句

  ② 并列句

  ③ 复合句

  ④ 并列+复合句

  先来说简单句,其实就是一个有独立谓语动词的完整句子,比如

  I have a book;

  He is a boy;

  we are going to Japan next month.

  He left without a word.

  并列句,就是两个甚至两个以上的简单句构成的长句子,中间用连接词衔接到一起;根据简单句之间的逻辑关系分为不同的连接词and,but,so,for,or 等.

  I arrived at my office at 9 o’clock and my assistant arrived at ten minutes later,but she was sick so I told her to go home.

  Students with such a perspective are usually the most effective and motivated ones and taking a year off may be the best way to gain this.

  这个长句子中就有很多的连词,包含了and,but,so.童靴们也可以尝试用这类连词进行造句练习,巩固所学。

  复合句就是一个简单句中含有某个从句,比如主语从句,宾语从句,定语从句,状语从句等。

  例如;

  John retired when he was 65.

  I know him because my friend has told me a lot about his experience.

  What you need is enough time and money.

  I don’t believe that he did that!

  The girl who won the Oscar Best Actress is only 11 years.

  My view is that young people should be encouraged to broaden their horizons.

  或者更复杂一点的

  Whether you agree with me or not makes no difference to our investors,who,by the way,are the ones most affected by whatever mistakes we make.

  并列+复合句的本质就是两个或者多个复合句通过连词连接到一起,就是上面两个句子的复杂化而已。

  例如:My view is that young people should be encouraged to broaden their horizons and only by doing so can they have a clear perspective of what they need and how they can achieve it.

  这个连词是and,前后都是含有从句的句子,前面是一个that 引导的表语从句,后面则是一个介词of 之后what,how 引导的两个宾语从句。

  Those who feel that sports stars’ salaries are justified might argue that the number of

  professionals with real talent are very few, and the money is recognition of the skills and

  dedication a person needs to be successful.

  同样也是and 引导的句子,前者是who引导的定语从句后者skills and dedication后省略that引导的定语从句。

  以上就是英文中四大基本的句型,同学们可以尝试慢慢由简单句,一步一步扩展成并列复合句,并且注意每种句型多练习中英互译,相信大家一定能够灵活运用!

  以上文章由石家庄津桥雅思教师贺伟敏编辑写作,如有需要请联系津桥教育。预祝大家考出好成绩!

  本文严禁转载,如需转载,请注明转自津桥国际学院石家庄分公司 贺伟敏老师原创。部分图片来自Awesome Wallpapers!

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